On the surface, procurement is all about acquiring the supplies that an organisation requires to function on a daily basis. When you get into the specifics, you start bringing in all of the supporting factors that make procurement work. Invoice processing, vendor management, fraud prevention, payment processing, quality control, and other services are available. It’s a little more complicated than that beneath the surface. Procurement is neatly divided into two categories: direct and indirect. And, while both are critical to the operation of any business, it is critical to understand their respective roles so that you can priorities and give each the attention they require- Direct vs. Indirect procurement what is the difference. This way, you’ll be able to cultivate excellent supplier relationships, manage procurement effectively, and ensure a steady flow of the inputs your business requires to function. Going digital is a great way to improve procurement efficiency.
What exactly is direct procurement?
The process of acquiring the products, supplies, goods, and services required for your core business activity is known as direct procurement. In essence, direct procurement is the acquisition of essential products and services that are delivered directly to your end customers after some processing. It is concerned with the inputs that form the foundation of what your organization provides.
Direct procurement examples include:
A baker purchasing flour to make bread; a construction company placing an order for cement and blocks for an ongoing project; and a fabric factory ordering textiles and cloth materials for future processing and sewing. It should be noted that direct procurement is most common in physical manufacturing industries where direct raw materials are processed into physical products.
What exactly is indirect procurement?
Indirect procurement is concerned with acquiring products and services that support a company’s operations, albeit in a non-critical capacity. Office supplies and stationery, as well as decorations, are examples of indirect supplies. Indirect supplies are still important to your organisation in their own right. However, they have no direct influence over the finished products and services you provide to your customers.Rather, they play a supporting role in ensuring that the process of converting raw materials into finished goods runs smoothly.
The following are some examples of indirect supplies:
SaaS subscriptions, such as Slack, Asana, and Kiss flow; employee development resources, such as books; office decorations; and office equipment, such as laptops and desktop computers.
The primary distinction between direct and indirect procurement is the function they serve. While direct procurement is concerned with securing the core supplies that are processed and delivered to your customers, indirect procurement is concerned with the supply of unexpected goods. Because direct and indirect procurement serve different purposes, there are differences in how they operate. As a result, you must slightly modify your approach to both branches in order to get them right. In digital fields, where there are no tangible goods but mostly services delivered to customers, indirect supplies are more pronounced.
The importance of the customer-vendor relationship
Direct procurement is concerned with acquiring the supplies that form the foundation of what your company provides to its customers. That is to say, nothing works unless direct procurement products are used. It’s in your best interest to cultivate long-term, sustainable relationships with your suppliers if you want to ensure a consistent supply chain. This is where vendor management, contracts, minimum order quantities, and other factors come into play. Direct procurement necessitates the development of a dependable customer-vendor relationship that can remain resilient when needed, providing security for both parties.